- Group – Working
- Height – 24-28 inches at the shoulder
- Weight – 30-41 KG
- Life Span – 10-14 years
Though Doberman Pinschers are large dogs, they are very graceful and a joy to behold. These make great watch dogs and companions, as they are brave and alert to any possible danger.
The Doberman originated in Apolda, in Thueringen, Germany, in the late 1800s. It was developed by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a German tax collector who created elaborate crosses of different dogs to develop a breed that would be aggressive enough to protect him as he made his rounds in dangerous neighborhoods and whose appearance alone would be intimidating. Herr Dobermann also ran the local animal shelter and had access to many different dogs to use in his breeding program, although unfortunately he did not keep proper records to document the breed’s origin. Dobermans probably descending from shorthaired mixed-breed shepherd dogs, chosen for hardiness, intelligence and soundness, crossed with the Black and Tan Terrier, the smooth-coated German Pinscher and the Rottweiler. Other breeds that may have played a part in the Dobie’s background include the Beauceron, the Weimaraner, the black-and-tan Manchester Terrier and the Greyhound.
The breed type was stabilized by 1899 and officially recognized by the German Kennel Club in 1900. By the 1920s, Dobermans were found throughout Europe, including Russia, and as far as South Africa and the United States. The breed is distinctive in appearance and attitude, and is now found world-wide. Its early reputation for ferocity preceded it to the United States. It is said that one Doberman Pinscher won three American Kennel Club Best in Show ribbons before any judge had the courage to examine its mouth – where ultimately it was discovered that the dog had missing teeth, a serious breed fault.
Dobermans are extremely intelligent and are fast-learners, making them well-suited for police, military and guard work. Dobies have been used for hunting and to track criminals. They also have been used for search-and-rescue, as therapy dogs and as guide dogs for the blind. The Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded in February of 1921.
Personality and Temperament
Dobermans are often very loyal to one person in particular. They’re brave and very intelligent, making them excellent watch dogs.
This breed gets along well with children, other dogs, and most household pets ‘ as long as proper socialization has occurred. Dobermans are not friendly toward unwanted visitors, making them superior guard dogs.
Hair, Care and Grooming
Smooth-haired, short, hard, thick and close lying. The Doberman Pinscher should have a knobbed rubber glove used for dead hair removal. Check the claws and teeth routinely.
This breed is generally healthy, although some problems such as cervical spondylitis, other spinal cord problems, or blood disorders are often inherited.
Training and Activity
This breed requires a consistent approach, using positive reinforcement.
The Doberman Pinscher has great stamina, making him an ideal participant in a variety of outdoor sports. He needs more than daily walks in the neighborhood.
Doberman Pinschers are, of course, avid meat-eaters, but that’s no reason you should toss them a piece of meat every once in a while and expect them to maintain a healthy diet on its own. Making sure that you give your Doberman Pinscher a healthy diet means giving it a proper amount of food for its weight and mix in meat with nutrient-rich foods such as dog chow and vegetables.