- Group – Non Sporting
- Height – 11-13 inches at the shoulder
- Weight – 10-13 KG
- Life Span – 10-12 years
The French Bulldog is low key and enjoys lots of activity. He’s well suited for either family living or attaching to just one special person. He can be a great watchdog, although will bark only when there is a real need.
The French Bulldog probably descends at least in part from the English Bulldog – likely from one of the toy varieties which were popular in England around the 1850s and 1860s, especially among lace-makers in the Nottingham region of the English midlands. Eventually, the small bulldogs fell out of favor with the English and were sent in large numbers to France, where they were crossed with assorted other breeds and finally became fashionable among both rural landowners and eventually wealthy women in the cities. Although some authors suggest that the French Bulldog’s original function was the bloodsport of bull-baiting, this is highly unlikely. Evidence suggests that from the moment the Frenchie existed as a distinct breed, it was bred almost exclusively as a human companion and watchdog. It gained its French name when the lace-makers from England moved to France, taking their miniature companions with them. The tiny Bulldogs quickly became enormously popular in France, although European breeders tended to prefer rose-shaped ears rather than the large, erect bat-like ears that mark the modern breed. The bat ears add much to the highly distinctive appearance of the French Bulldog and are a predominant breed feature today.
The controversy over ear type led to the formation of the French Bulldog Club of America in 1897, the oldest organization devoted to the breed. It held a specialty show in 1898 in the Waldorf-Astoria ballroom in New York, the first show of its kind. After that, the diminutive bulldogs became all the rage in this country, and registration of Frenchies flourished. In 1913, the Westminster Kennel Club reported 100 French Bulldogs benched at its show. The dog that contributed the most to the breed in America may have been Ch. Nellcote Gamin, imported here in 1904 by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Goldenberg. Gamin helped to cement the French Bulldog’s breed type, making the stock in America among the finest in the world, without need for further importation.
The French Bulldog Club of England was founded in 1902, holding its first show in 1903. The Kennel Club in London gave the breed official approval in January of 1906, as the Bouledogue Francais. In 1912, the English Kennel Club changed the name to the French Bulldog.
Frenchies declined in popularity after World War I, while the Boston Terrier’s popularity skyrocketed. The Great Depression made purebred dogs even less accessible to many Americans. Fortunately, by the 1980s and 1990s, the French Bulldog’s popularity in America took a turn for the better, and the breed’s survival seems assured.
Personality and Temperament
French Bulldogs are very active and intelligent. Always alert, these dogs are curious and eager to please.
This breed is well-behaved and comfortable in most social settings. They have an even disposition, being active and playful, but not overly rambunctious.
Hair, Care and Grooming
Coat is moderately fine, brilliant, short and smooth. Skin is soft and loose, especially at the head and shoulders, forming wrinkles. The French Bulldog requires grooming with a rubber brush during times of shedding. Special lotion may be used on the facial skin folds for cleaning.
This breed is prone to eye and respiratory problems.
Training and Activity
This breed learns very rapidly. Training must be strict, because he has a stubborn streak.
The French Bulldog needs a moderate amount of exercise, though he does well as an apartment dog.
French Bulldogs are known for its sensitive stomachs, so you must be careful what you feed your pet. Corn and wheat can make your Frenchie itchy, so go with premium dog foods. French Bulldogs love fruit, but only feed your pooch this treat in limited amounts.