- Group – Terrier
- Height – 20-24 inches at the shoulder
- Weight – 20-36 KG
- Life Span – 12-16 years
The Bull Terrier is very muscular and requires a good deal of exercise. This breed can be a loyal and playful companion, whether you live in the city or country.
Bull Terriers are almost universally believed to be the result of crossing a Bulldog to the now-extinct White English Terrier, which produced a type of dog known as the Bull-and-Terrier. Some authors suggest that the cross may have been between a Bulldog and a large, smooth Black-and-Tan Terrier. Either way, the resulting Bull-and-Terrier was later mated with the Spanish Pointer to add size to the breed, which is evident in today’s Bull Terriers. The Bull Terrier was developed by sportsmen for sportsmen, as well as to be a gentleman’s trusted companion. They were bred to be tough, courageous, athletic and powerful and to have a sense of fair play – never initiating controversy, but not backing down once provoked. Hence, the white variety soon earned the nickname “The White Cavalier.”
Some sources suggest that the breed was developed specifically to be set against other dogs in illegal pit contests, for purposes of “gentlemen’s sport” after the blood-sport of bull-baiting was outlawed in England in or around 1835. Once bull-baiting was outlawed, the enthusiasts went underground, fighting bulldogs against bulldogs in “pits.” Apparently, the bulldogs were too slow to please the crowds, so people began crossing bulldogs with terriers to create a better fighting breed, called “the most determined and savage race known.” The popularity of these vicious dog fights soared, especially in London and Birmingham, England, with the dogs being described as having the stamina, power and solidity of the Bulldog and the intelligence, tenacity and speed of the Terrier.
In the 1850s and 1860s, fanciers of these dogs thought that an all white Bull Terrier would be fashionable. This led to the two modern varieties of Bull Terriers: colored, and white, with additional crosses with the White English Terrier. In 1936, the colored Bull Terrier became recognized as a separate Variety of the Bull Terrier breed. By 1880, the Bull Terrier had become a breed noted for its beauty, balance and power. Its egg-shaped head and Roman nose distinguished it from other breeds. Dog fighting was eventually banned, and the Bull Terrier survived as a successful purebred show dog and family companion. Since 1897, the Bull Terrier Club of America has been the National Club recognized by the American Kennel Club as the parent club for the Bull Terrier. President Teddy Roosevelt shared the White House with a Bull Terrier.
Personality and Temperament
Bull Terriers are very independent and have a mind of their own. Tough and lively, this breed is a bundle of energy.
This breed gets along well with children and, assuming proper social training has taken place at an early age, they also get along with cats or other household pets. If another dog is already resident in the home, it may be unwise to get a Bull Terrier.
Hair, Care and Grooming
Short, flat and harsh. The Bull Terrier requires occasional brushing to remove dead and loose hairs. The ears should be cleaned on a regular basis.
This breed is generally healthy, but prone to zinc deficiency and some other minor problems: heart problems, patellar luxation
Training and Activity
This breed requires early obedience training for puppies. As adults, they are very difficult to train because they have a tendency to be stubborn.
The Bull Terrier needs long walks and enjoys running and playing off the leash.
Bull Terriers enjoy a good cut of meat just as much as any other dog. Classic dog treats and nutrition from the store will suit these terriers just fine, but it’s worth the effort to try a little experimentation to find a regular diet that your dog really enjoys.